In Vietnam, as of July 24, 2022, there have been no cases of monkeypox recorded, but the Ministry of Health of Vietnam recommends ways to prevent monkeypox, because the risk of the disease entering Vietnam is completely possible.
Because the disease has been recorded in many neighboring countries, such as Thailand, Cambodia. The Vietnam’s Ministry of Health recommends:
Symptoms of monkeypox
Symptoms can vary depending on the stage of the disease, but similar to other smallpox, common symptoms are fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, tired.
A rash that can look like blisters appears on the face, inside the mouth, or on other parts of the body such as the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus.
Monkeypox in humans is transmitted by close direct contact, through wounds, body fluids, large respiratory droplets and through contact with contaminated objects and utensils.
Transmission can occur through the placenta from mother to fetus or through close contact during and after birth.
6 measures to prevent monkeypox
In order to actively prevent monkeypox epidemic, the Ministry of Health of Vietnam recommends that people take the following measures to prevent monkeypox, proactively:
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, preferably with a cloth or handkerchief or disposable tissue or sleeve to reduce the spread of respiratory secretions. Wash your hands with soap and water or an antiseptic solution immediately after coughing or sneezing. Do not spit indiscriminately in public.
- Wash your hands often with soap and clean water or hand sanitizer.
- People with symptoms of an acute rash of unknown cause, accompanied by one or more suspicious symptoms should actively contact a medical facility for timely monitoring and advice. At the same time, it is necessary to self-isolate and avoid s*xual intercourse.
- Avoid close contact with people with monkeypox, avoid direct contact with wounds, body fluids, droplets and personal belongings of infected people. In the event that a person is sick or suspected of being infected at a place of residence or work, it is necessary to notify the health agency for timely advice and treatment, do not self-treat.
- People traveling to monkeypox countries (Central and West Africa) should avoid contact with mammals (dead or alive) such as rodents, marsupials, primates. Those animals may contain monkeypox virus. When returning to Vietnam, it is necessary to proactively declare to the local health agency for advice.
- Ensuring food safety; implement a healthy lifestyle, increase physical activity, improve health.